Sunday, July 26, 2020

Bipolar Disorder With Anxious Distress

Bipolar Disorder With Anxious Distress November 20, 2019 Bipolar Disorder Overview Symptoms & Diagnosis Causes Treatment Living With In Children Your Rights Peter Dazeley/Getty Images Many people who are diagnosed with bipolar disorder also have other psychiatric conditions, including anxiety disorders. But when your anxiety doesnt quite fit into the definition of a specific, well-defined anxiety disorder, your psychiatrist might instead diagnose you as having bipolar disorder with anxious distress. Having bipolar disorder with anxious distress simply means you have bipolar disorder, plus anxiety that interferes with your life but doesnt meet the diagnostic criteria for an anxiety disorder. Overview Psychiatrists and other mental health professionals use the American Psychiatric Associations Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Version Five (abbreviated DSM-V) to attach an official diagnosis to your condition. In this case, bipolar disorder is the diagnosis, and with anxious distress is whats called a specifierâ€"an add-on to the diagnosis that clarifies it or elaborates on it. The specifier with anxious distress is actually new to the DSM with the fifth edition of that manual, which was published in 2013. It was added because mental health professionals thought it was needed in a variety of cases. According to the DSM-V: Anxious distress has been noted as a prominent feature of both bipolar and major depressive disorder in both primary care and specialty mental health settings. High levels of anxiety have been associated with higher suicide risk, longer duration of illness, and greater likelihood of treatment nonresponse. As a result, it is clinically useful to specify accurately the presence and severity levels of anxious distress for treatment planning and monitoring of response to treatment. Symptoms For a psychiatrist to add the specifier with anxious distress, a patients condition needs to include at least two of these symptoms: Feeling tense or keyed up.Unusual restlessness.Worry that makes it difficult to concentrate.Fear that something terrible may happen.Feeling like you might lose control of yourself. The symptoms have to be present most days of the current or most recent bipolar episode, regardless of whether the episode involved manic, hypomanic or depressive symptoms. In so-called anxious distress, severity of the condition is determined by the number of symptoms present: Two symptoms mean  the condition is mild, three symptoms mean  its moderate, four to five symptoms mean  its moderate to severe, and four to five symptoms with ?psychomotor agitation mean  its severe.? Someone can have bipolar I, bipolar II, or cyclothymia with anxious distress. Anxiety Disorders Are Also Possible Even if you have bipolar disorder with anxious distress, you also can be diagnosed with another anxiety disorder. If you get panic attacks, you can be diagnosed with panic disorder, and if youre acutely afraid of a specific object or situation (spiders or flying, for example), then you could be diagnosed with a phobia. When two or more illnesses not related to each other are diagnosed in a single patient, they are called comorbid, which simply means they occur together.

Friday, May 22, 2020

Jews During The Nazi Occupation - 1921 Words

Since the start of the Nazi occupation in Europe, Jewish communities and individuals were struggling with survival, and fought for their existence. Many Jews tried to evade or overcome the degrading Nazi decrees, that stripped them of civil and human rights, triggered isolation and denied them a livelihood. The Nazis simply wanted to create a condition in which no human being, particularly Jewish, can live or even exist. For a long time, the Jews’ view on the sanctity of life, a duty to protect one’s life, encouraged them to endure the period of intense pain and suffering. From past experience, the Jews thought that the terrible events of the Nazis would pass, the same as the pogroms. Over a period of centuries, from the Crusades to the†¦show more content†¦Therefore, the external and internal conditions of the ghettos and concentration camps made it extremely challenging for Jewish resistance. Despite these horrific conditions, the creation of a Jewish militar y organization, fighting in Partisans bands, the death camp revolts, and the ghetto uprisings negate the argument that the Jews of Europe of were passive before the darkest period in modern history, the Jewish genocide. As a whole, the Jews did not accept their death mutely, as sheep to the slaughter. Firstly, the Jews in Europe organized a Jewish military league to resist the Nazi brutality. In Vilna, the first organized Jewish armed resistance arose from the youth movements. After the invasion of the Soviet Union is 1941, two-thirds of the Jewish population of Vilna were deported by the Nazis (â€Å"Jewish Combat Organization.†). Those who survived warned the other Jews of the ordeal awaiting them, which paved the way for the â€Å"First Manifesto†. This document called out for Jewish resistance and was written by Abba Kovner, a future leader of the ghetto fighters in Vilna. The manifesto was directed at the Jews of Vilna and the youth movements, and explained the fate of the ghetto deportees (that they were all killed), Hitler’s plot to â€Å"destroy all the Jews of Europe†, and called for Jewish resistance. This manifesto was significant, as it was the first call for the Jews to arm themselves and resist the Nazis. Not soon after,Show MoreRelated Th e Holocaust Essay1561 Words   |  7 Pageslived in during the Holocaust is described by the personal experiences of the oppressed throughout the story Jack and Rochelle, written by Jack and Rochelle Sutin, and the memoir by Alexander Donat titled The Holocaust Kingdom. The horrifying mindset of the oppressors, particularly the Nazi`s, is illustrated in both books. The vicious and relentless emotional, physical, and psychological abuse the Nazi`s targeted at their victims is depicted in detail. The unspeakable cruelty received by the Jews dramaticallyRead MoreThe Nazi Occupation of Holland977 Words   |  4 PagesThe Nazi Occupation of Holland On May 14, 1940 Holland surrendered to German Forces, and Dr. Arthur Seyss-Inquart was appointed Reichkommissar, the highest governing authority. He watched over a German administration that included many Austrian-born Nazis. These Nazis, in turn supervised the Dutch civil- service. This configuration proved fateful for the Jews of the Netherlands. During 1940, the German occupation officials forbid Jews from the civil-service and required Jews to register the Read MoreDenmark and the Third Reich1137 Words   |  5 PagesDenmark, a small country north of Germany was going about its normal routines as the strength of the Nazis under the Third Reich, the government led by Adolf Hitler, began to grow. Then in an instant it all changed. The Danes had signed a pact with Germany in 1939 and were completely taken by surprise when German airplanes flooded the skies. The Danish had no way to defend themselves and surrendered within hours on April 9, 1940. Hitler had planned to take Denmark because he had found that it hadRead MoreFrench Life During German Occupation1551 Words   |  7 PagesFrench Life During German Occupation Anakin Suddreth- Final paper May 2016 World War 2 began in September 1939, mainly due to German Reich Adolf Hitler attempting to create a perfect world, which in his mind excluded mainly Jews, but also Gays, Gypsies, Poles, and people with physical, or mental disabilities. Hitler’s plan was to slowly take over the entireRead MoreThe Diary Of The Nazi Years Essay948 Words   |  4 Pagesit is a natural disaster, war or disaster at the hands of a leader, events change the way that we interpret history. Without question, one of the darkest periods in history was put into effect by the Nazi’s during World War II. The Holocaust was the systematic killing of over six million Jews. The Holocaust has been the topic of many books and has been explored from many different viewpoints. It has been studied from a historical perspective for the Germans and the Allied forces; Hitler and the ThirdRead MoreThe Tragedy Of The Holocaust1708 Words   |  7 PagesThe Holocaust is, by definition, a tragedy. HaShoah, the Hebrew word for the Holocaust, translates to â€Å"the catastrophe.† The very notion of humor during the Holocaust may seem incongruous, appalling, and wildly inappropriate. Tragedy is seen as serious, while comedy is typically lighthearted in nature. However, there is precedence for ‘comic relief,’ the presence of humor in tragedy with the desired effect to relieve tension. Frequently, comic relief is used so that tragedy does not overshadow usRead MoreAutobiographical Literature of the Holocaust1641 Words   |  7 Pagesanguish of love lost to the joy of discovery, but the evocative power of the written word can also be used to capture the horrors that men are capable of inflicting on one another. During the Holocaust of World War II, during which the Nazi regime of Germany occupied much of continental Europe and murdered more than 6 million Jews in an industrialized genocide, the personal stories of countless victims were lost forever as entire family lines were ob literated on the order of Adolf Hitler and those pursuingRead Moresergio1510 Words   |  7 Pagesanti-Semitism in Europe: It has its roots in religion - in the assertion that the Jews murdered Jesus. The most notorious anti-Semitic practices in the 19thc were the pogroms in Russia. It also stems from cultural differences - by culture, by religion, by rituals and dress. In the 19thc Jews became prominent in the professions and active in industry and commerce - this often led to envy and criticism. At the same time, Jews became increasingly associated with liberalism, radicalism, socialism andRead MoreHow did the holocaust end and what happened afterwards?1700 Words   |  7 PagesHow did the holocaust end and what happened afterwards? From 1933 onwards, Adolf Hitler and his Nazis began implementing simple discrimination laws against the Jews and others who they did not see part of their master race. Hitler and the Nazis believed that German power was being taken by the Jews. Hitler was able to convince his followers of this issue with the Jewish question as it was known, and get away with murdering millions of people in an attempt to cleanse society of anyone inferior toRead MoreAnalysis Of The Film Roman Polanski 1479 Words   |  6 Pages The Pianist is his best work. This is because this film has close ties to Polanski’s roots. Born in Paris, France in 1933, his father was a Polish-Jew and his mother was Catholic. Polanski’s family moved to Krakow, Poland in 1936. Unfortunately this move would negatively impact the Polanski family, forever. In 1936, the Nazi occupation of Poland began, starting with the invasion Krakow — it is known for being a Jewish city. Having little money and virtually no time to escape, the Polanski

Friday, May 8, 2020

Gothic Literature Gothic Writing - 1929 Words

Southern style gothic literature, which is a smaller genre of Gothic writing as a whole, is particular to the South. This style of literature has similar aspects to Gothic lit. It concentrates on subject matter like afterlife, absurdity, and paranormal while having numerous cryptic, unusual, brutal, and distorted aspects. These aspects are used as tools to explore social issues and reveal the cultural character of the American South (Wikipedia). Authors of Southern Gothic style literature use imperfect characters to amplify the stories they write, and to display more profound focal points of distasteful southern traits. The characters are normally different from others in their society based on their psychological, physical, and or communal disabilities. Nonetheless not all the prospects of the characters are amiss it is more often the case that a mixture of good and bad is found in most of the characters (McFLY) The writers of these stories give the main character a few good attributes; this lends itself to the reader finding compassion and perspective for the character. Some Southern gothic authors are William Faulkner, who wrote A Rose for Emily, and Flannery O Conner, who wrote Good Country People and A Good Man is Hard to Find. William Faulkner s A Rose for Emily is an example of Southern Gothic literature. It covers many prospects of Southern Gothic style writing, like an old unlit home, afterlife, unidentified, freaky events, and Miss.Show MoreRelatedGothic Literature : Gothic Writing1974 Words   |  8 PagesThe history of gothic literature is a discussion of how the classic gothic literature has morphed into today’s contemporary gothic literature. From the beginning days of gothic writing one of the main focuses has been on the issues that were relevant in the county or world at the time. Most people think of gothic writings as a scary story of gloom and doom, but there are many aspects that encompass a gothic writing. The true is that there are many elements to a gothic writing. The writer does notRead MoreGothic Literature and the Writings of Edgar Allan Poe Essays850 Words   |  4 PagesThere is one known very influential writing style called Gothic Literature. It is not only considered to involve the horror or gothic element but is combined with romance, superstition, women in distress, omens, portents, vision and supernatural events to name a few (Beesly). The history and beginning of this era is not well known. From a few writers came this writing style that has impacted the world. A famous artists known for this type of writing is a man named Edgar Allan Poe. He wrote many shortRead MoreThe Qualification of Daphne Du Mauriers Rebecca as a Gothic Novel851 Words   |  3 PagesRebecca as a Gothic Novel One of mankind’s most valuable gifts is the ability to feel emotions and be able to react to them in a variety of ways. One of these emotions can be recognized as horror. Horror can be directly related as an immense sensation of fear, anxiety, and despair. Horror is adored by some and abhorred by others. Most importantly, there exist many sources for frightening media and information. One genre of literature that tends to provide horror can be known as Gothic LiteratureRead MoreGothic Literature : `` Tell Tale Heart `` And `` The Raven ``1698 Words   |  7 Pages2/21/17 Gothic Literature Gothic Literature has been around since the late 17th century, slowly progressing in popularity until the mid 19th century where it had much success demonstrated through Edgar allan Poe. Edgar Allan has a number of common Themes, motifs and structures that make his work easily recognizable and more importantly, fits his stories into the classification of the gothic. Among these elements, they include the theme of death and decay, which is almost always in Gothic fictionRead MoreWhat is meant by the term gothic1187 Words   |  5 Pagesthe term ‘gothic’? How far and in what ways is ‘Frankenstein’ a gothic text? Gothic literature, which is sometimes referred to as Gothic horror, is a genre that links horror and romance into one tale of ‘transgressing the boundaries’. Gothicism was unheard of until the late 1700’s, this movement into a new genre of literature. This was pioneered by the English author Horace Walpole, in his famous fictional book ‘The Castle of Otranto’, or as Walpole alternatively titled it ‘a Gothic story’. HoraceRead MoreEdgar Allan Poe And The Cask Of Amontillado1384 Words   |  6 Pagesremarkable literature writer. The Raven, Annabel Lee, and The Cask of Amontillado are just a few of Poe’s work that staples the theme of gothic literature. This essay will allow you to see the gothic elements Edgar Allan Poe uses through his most common poems. Gothic literature has many elements which play into its definition. The actual definition is a style of writing that is characterized by elements of fear, horror, death, and gloom. (19th Century) There are three main types of gothic literature. TheseRead MoreGothic Motifs Of Bram Stoker s Dracula1165 Words   |  5 Pageswritten in the form of Gothic Literature. This novel was written by Bram Stoker in the Victorian Age. A large portion of this piece of writing deals with many famous Gothic motifs. Gothic Literature combines the usual Gothic horror with fiction and Romanticism (Wikipedia). A motif is a distinctive symbol or dominant idea used in literature. So therefore, a Gothic motif is a literary symbol that usually combines fiction with either horror or romance. Bram Stoker’s usage of Gothic motifs not only helpsRead MoreGothic Elements In Gothic Literature1023 Words   |  5 PagesGothic Essay #1 Gothic literature’s roots are in the architecture of the dark ages. The buildings were made to intimidate oncoming enemies, because of this it presents the perfect setting for eerie literature such as the Horace Walpole’s Castle of Otranto. Whilst reading gothic literature fear is to be expected, because the nature of gothic is grim( Hutchins). Fear as we know is an emotion that is triggered by one of these three reactions: physical threats, sources of poison and signs of disease(â€Å"Psychology†)Read MoreThe Characteristics Of American Gothic Literature930 Words   |  4 Pagesattraction? Gothic Literature incorporates many unique characteristics that keeps the reader intrigued. Some examples of the characteristics that may be included in American Gothic are: fright, uncertainty, darkness, and isolation. The evolution of entertainment media has created a new demand for the genre’s darkness and horror. Some questions that will be answered are -- What i s American Gothic and how has the genre been defined? Is the genre still relevant today? What is it about gothic tales thatRead MoreEssay about Mary Shelleys Frankenstein784 Words   |  4 Pagesclassic gothic novel. Her monster has frightened many generations throughout the ages, and lingers as a warning of science gone too far. But why did her monster survive the ages? I believe that Mary Shelleys monster managed to hold our attention and chill us to the bone, because she weaved a tale that incorporated the genres of gothic, and romantic literature into a narrative of complete terror, and psychological torment that managed to surpass any other gothic literature of her time. Gothic Literature

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Strategic Analysis (SWOT and Five Forces) of Amazon Inc Free Essays

1.0 Introduction Amazon.com provides a wide catalogue of products and services to different consumer groups. We will write a custom essay sample on Strategic Analysis (SWOT and Five Forces) of Amazon Inc or any similar topic only for you Order Now Below is the detailed analysis of Amazon’s resources, capabilities, distinctiveness and networks. 2.0 Unique Market Position According to Motoko and Stone (2010) Amazon has the distinctive position of being the largest online book seller and e book seller in the United States. Its catalogue has a wide range of products and services for its customers (Amazon.com). It must be noted that this is not a unique offering if compared to its rivals like e-bay, Barnes and Noble, Waterstones and WH Smith. Its distinctiveness comes from two things: Unique position compared to rivals Success of Kindle e reader Amazon possesses a first mover advantage as it has access to vital resources plus ability to develop networks that is very difficult to replicate (Grant 2008). Amazon has a strong brand presence because of its continuous innovation and twenty month head start over its competition. Over a period of time it has acquired vital customer behaviour information, easy demand pattern forecasting and industry standards others have to compete with (Mellahi and Johnson 2000). An added advantage is psychological switching costs because of its early lead. Amazon’s wholesale model is another feature of its uniqueness. Due to this it is able to set consumer prices as Amazon makes wholesale purchases. Competition is suppressed and new entrants face a hard time because of its heavy discounted prices. The Kindle e reader has made a huge presence in the market because of its light weight and soothing continuous readability handling. According to Stross (2010) Kindle lets you do reading perfectly. However competing e readers are providing coloured screens and multitasking features too. A perceptual map highlighting Amazon’s Kindle is shown below: In this figure if we see Amazon’s kindle is placed in the third quadrant which is specialist and black and white screen. 3.0 Micro environment analysis using Porter’s five forces. This has already been discussed in the first question. However bargaining power of buyers and suppliers is not discussed. Bargaining Power of Buyers Bargaining power of buyers is really high as there are many ways to buy books and cd’s online provided the options of Barnes and Nobles website and Apple’s i tunes. But Amazon has a high customer loyalty as it attracts customers by offering low prices (Chaffey 2009). Bargaining Power of Suppliers Amazon has a very favourable relationship with publishers because of the wholesale model it uses allowing it to set the price for the consumer. Some time back when Amazon was not buying directly from main distributors. They wanted to sell the products below market price as Sony and Panasonic didn’t do direct selling. However Amazon had a unique position and advantage as it came up with its own distribution centres. 4.0 Amazon SWOT Analysis Major strength for Amazon is its first mover advantage, access to resources, capabilities, networks that allow them to suppress the competition. This strength feeds into its greater market share and bargaining power with its publishers plus a wholesale model lot leading to high sales volumes. Weakness of Amazon is its very little bricks and mortar presence in comparison to its competitors. Thus, buyer is not able to have a first-hand experience of the product until purchased (Bossman 2010). This can have an effect on the sales of Kindle online as buyers may have some concerns. The proprietary format followed for e books is also a weakness as there is a demand for more choice and scope from customers. Below is a diagrammatic representation of SWOT analysis. 5.0 Strategic Direction With regards to Amazon’s Kindle its strategic direction should be market penetration through more advertising and marketing programs and better price options. Market penetration leads to a high market share and profitability in an identified market (Jobber and Fahy 2006). Amazon can move into the empty quadrant in the figure 1 by providing a coloured screen. This product development approach will make it more competitive in the dynamic market. 6.0 Strategic position-Differentiation or cost leadership Amazon has its strategic position over Kindle by differentiating it and positioning it as a best for reading product in the market. If the market demands Amazon can move into the first quadrant of the perceptual map by conducting more research. This will manoeuvre Amazon in a position that is distinctive, advantageous and in line with consumer needs (Doyle and Stern 2006). Amazon’s market leading position offers resource capability for cost leadership which further complements its price leadership strategy. 7.0 Conclusion It is evident that Amazon occupies a unique position in the market. Amazon currently is focussing on being a market leader in providing a product that is best for reading although acknowledging the craze for colour screen and multipurpose features offered by competitors. Based on its strengths it can focus on market penetration with innovative products and add ons like colour screen plus multipurpose functions. Combining this with its price leading strategy will lead to more growth and profits. References and Bibliography Motoko R and Stone B., 2010. Amazon threatens publishers as Apple looms. The New York Times. Grant R., 2008. Contemporary strategy analysis, Blackwell publishing Mellahi, K and Johnson, M., 2000. Does it pay to be a first mover in ecommerceThe case of Amazon.com. Management Decision [online] Vol.38, Issue 7. , p445, 8p .Available through: Business source complete database. [Accessed 11 March 2011]. Stross R., 2010. The Specialist vs. the Multi-tasker. The New York Times Dave Chaffey. (2009). Amazon.com case study. Available: http://www.davechaffey.com/E-commerce-Internet-marketing-case-studies/Amazon-case-study.[ accessed 12th March 2011]. Bossman J., 2010b. Barnes and Noble planning big push to increase Nook sales. The New York Times Jobber D and Fahy J., 2006. Foundations of Marketing.2nd Edn McGraw-Hill, London. Doyle P and Stern P., 2006. Marketing Management and Strategy.4th Edn. Pearson Education ltd, Harlow How to cite Strategic Analysis (SWOT and Five Forces) of Amazon Inc, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Operational Decision Making at the Rotana Jet Company

Company Description Rotana Jet is an Airline Company in the United Arab Emirates operating both Scheduled Airline and Executive Charter services. Rotana Jet aims at improving its services and connectivity not only to the Arabian Gulf region, but also to the entire world.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Operational Decision Making at the Rotana Jet Company specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In its operations, the company has maintained standard benchmarks in order to enhance safety, quality, and apt customer service (â€Å"Rotana Jet: About Us† par. 2). The Company has a vision of expanding its fleet, capabilities, and route networks as techniques of meeting the frequently changing needs of the market. Simultaneously, Rotana Jet intends to deliver new and innovative services and products to its clients in order to gain competitive advantage over its competitors in the crowded airline industry. Currently, the company operates in Sir Bani Yas Island, Dalma Island, Fujairah and Al Ain, as well as Johannesburg, London and Singapore. Description of Operations The Airline Company has operating bases for domestic services at Al†Bateen Executive Airport and Abu Dhabi International Airport. At Al†Bateen Executive Airport, which is the main operating base, the airline has a Technical Operations division that maintains aircrafts and provides component support for the ERJ145 and G450 aircrafts (â€Å"Rotana Jet: About Us† par. 4).Advertising Looking for case study on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On-site division saves on cost of maintenance and component support as compared to a situation where a company outsources such services. Rotana Jet offers scheduled Airline services in which it has schedule to expand its route network to places like Ras Al Khaimah and Sharjah. The location of the main ai rport is exceptionally strategic to tap both domestic passengers and corporate clients. Since the company operates on flight services, it has moved to add a new Airbus A319ER, which carries 34 more passengers than the legendary Gulfstream G450. At the same time, the company has ensured that it increases output by purchasing 50-seater Airbuses that can fly non-stop from Casablanca to Abu Dhabi (â€Å"Rotana Jet: About Us† par. 7). In using two jets in the Regional Airline Fleet, Rotana Jet is improving the overall output of its services. The overall outputs in the operations are mainly non-tangible, such as high customer satisfaction, high returns on investments, and increased customer loyalty. The airline industry being a service-based industry ensures that it offers quality services to its customers. Supply Chain Decisions Rotana Jet has a well-organised network that handles products and services from the suppliers to final consumers. In this network, the company plans and m anages all activities in collaboration with channel partners, customers, fleet suppliers, and third-party service providers. Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Operational Decision Making at the Rotana Jet Company specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Figure 1: Rotana Jet Supply Chain Third party service providers in the supply chain are companies that provide other services at the airport such as refreshments, transport, and rooms for accommodation (Hammond, Keeney, and Raiffa 18). They also handle cargos at the airport and even take care of them while on transit. Fleet suppliers are airline construction firms that ensure that the airline company does not have shortage of aircrafts. Suppliers ensure that materials like ticketing machines and other non-strategic materials are available for use by customers. Channel partners, on the other hand, are organisations that cooperate with Rotana Jet to ensure efficiency i n service provision. For example, the Abu Dhabi International Airport management ensures that the runways are decent for landings and take-offs at all time. Customers are the final users of the services in the industry; they interact with the supply manager, as well as third party service providers in pursuit of quality services. The Rotana Jet supply manager in the supply chain coordinates all the activities in the airline industry in a streamlined manner to ensure that the company meets its strategic objectives in the end (Kopczak and Johnson par. 9). To enable Rotana Jet gain competitive advantage in the market, operations manager must rely on effective supply chains. They must understand the needs of the customers and other members in the supply chain in order to increase overall satisfaction for all.Advertising Looking for case study on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The supply chain can increase the number of passengers, as well as cargo bookings if it is managed properly. In line with the above supply chain, the operational manager will also have to make inclusive decisions that encompass the interests of all the stakeholders in the company (Sanders 26). Markedly, all the stakeholders in the supply chain play vital roles in smooth operation of Rotana Jet. Therefore, the management must take into account their demands when making strategic decisions. From the company’s website, it is evident that the company keeps maintaining customers’ loyalty through cost-cutting moves. For instance, in its promotion, the fare inclusive of taxes from Abu Dhabi to Sir Bani Yas Island is AED 200, but an Airline Company like the Fly Emirates does not access such routes (Taylor and Raden par. 5). This move has enabled Rotana Jet to respond to public requests to serve regions that other airline companies have not accessed. Moreover, in 2012, this air line company became the first Domestic Airline to begin operating between Sir Bani Yas Island and Al†Bateen Executive Airport. At the same time, Rotana Jet intends to expand its networks to remote areas like Sharjah and Ras Al Khaimah. In other areas, the company had to cut cost in order to attract customers to use their services given that there is no difference from other companies. Operational Decisions Among the ten critical operational decisions, the case study discusses location strategy as a key factor in the success of Rotana Jet Company. Based on the services that the company offers, it decided to choose an airport on the outskirts of Abu Dhabi City Centre. The unique location made it suitable for both domestic passengers and corporate clients to access it. Since operational decision-making is an asset for all companies, the company will have to locate other airports in areas that are close to major cities in the world in order to make their decisions great corporate assets (Taylor par. 6). Proximity of airports to town centres increases the number of customers into the premises, and even makes it easy for an airline company to reach the potential consumers. In accessing the untapped market, Rotana Jet went on to set its foot in Dalma Island and Sir Bani Yas Island. In future, the company should move into regions that are near to city centres given the easy accessibility of such regions for all customers. Such decisions will enable Rotana Jet to receive many customers and passengers, thus increasing its volume of business transactions. With flights presenting numerous risks to neighbourhoods, location of future airports should consider nearby buildings, the maximum allowable heights, and distance of such structures from the airport. Since Rotana Jet Company targets to maximise growth and expand its clients’ base in the future, the above decisions on location strategy will help in realising the strategic goals and objectives of the airline company (Taylor and Raden par. 8). Productivity Determining productivity within this industry is measured by comparing the amounts of resources committed towards daily operations and the returns on investment received from the same clients (Hoenig 58). The Company can automate all its services, such as online ticketing of flights and accommodations. This will reduce the cost of maintaining employees who had been dealing with manual bookings. Additionally, there will be no queuing for services, hence increasing efficiency in the end. This reciprocates to increase in ROI. For example, assuming that the total monthly expenses are $300,000 and the gross returns in the same month are $505,000, the company will have a net profit of $205,000, implying that it is productive. When it comes to defining the operational management strategy for the company, one must keep in mind that the company’s productivity depends highly on two basic factors, i.e., the speed of information processing and the quality of the equipment, which predisposes such important aspect of the flight operations as passengers’ comfort and safety. Therefore, it is crucial that two major improvements should be made to the Rotana Jet Company. To start with, information management must be upgraded to the point at which the principles of shared information are integrated into the company’s principles of production process organization. As recent researches say, most misconceptions and misunderstandings leading to major mistakes, which, in turn, can affect the quality of the flight and, in the worst case scenario, claim passengers’ lives, stem from the inaccessibility of information regarding the flight schedule, as well as low speed of information transfer concerning the changes in the flight schedule. Therefore, it is crucial that the information concerning flights, as well as the state of the aircrafts and the results of the recently conducted airplane audits, should be avai lable to every member of the company. More to the point, every member should be made aware of the recent changes that occurred to the flight schedule, which can be achieved by introducing the principles of knowledge sharing. Another nonetheless important aspect that the quality of flights depends on concerns the professionalism of the employees. Firms that constantly engage their employees in trainings, seminars, and workshops do realise growth (Hammond, Keeney, and Raiffa 37). This growth comes in hand with stakeholders’ trust. For example, the move will develop loyalty among customers due to quality service provision. Businesses ought to be proactive and remain focussed on achieving their strategic objectives; therefore, the organizations must be open to learn new ideas to develop new knowledge. The Coca-Cola Company will continue to dominate the soft drink industry over its closest rival Pepsi if I use the above options to improve productivity.It is imperative that the sta ff should be trained regularly and that their skills should be upgraded every year at the very last. With competent staff and updated equipment, Rotana Jet will be able to provide its customers with the services of the finest quality. Works Cited Hammond, John S., Ralph L. Keeney, and Howard Raiffa. Smart Choices: a Practical Guide to Making Better Life Decisions. New York: Broadway Books, 2002. Print. Hoenig, Christopher. The Problem-Solving Journey: Your Guide to Making Decisions and Getting Results. Cambridge, Mass.: Perseus Pub., 2000. Print. Kopczak, Laura Rock, and Eric Johnson. The Supply-Chain Management Effect. MIT Sloan Management Review RSS. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 15 Apr. 2003. Web. Rotana Jet: About Us. Rotana Jet. N.p., n.d. Web. Sanders, Ralph. The Executive Decision-Making Process Identifying Problems and Assessing Outcomes. Westport, Conn.: Quorum, 1999. Print. Taylor, James, and Neil Raden. The Importance and Benefits of Operational Decision Making. Search Business Analytics. N.p., 4 July 2007. Web. Taylor, James. Operational Decision Making as a Corporate Asset. JT on EDM RSS. N.p., 27 Jan. 2010. Web. This case study on Operational Decision Making at the Rotana Jet Company was written and submitted by user Kathleen V. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

AdBlue Fluid and Cleaner Diesel Emissions

AdBlue Fluid and Cleaner Diesel Emissions AdBlue is the German brand name for a clear, non-toxic- though slightly corrosive to some metals- aqueous urea solution used to treat exhaust on  modern clean diesel engines. The generic name for a chemically equivalent solution used in the non-European market (predominantly North America) is Diesel Emissions Fluid (DEF). The primary use of AdBlue and similar DEFs is to be used in conjunction with a Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) converter to control oxides of nitrogen (NOx) diesel emissions. On average, NOx emissions are reduced by approximately 80 percent because of this process. How DEFs Work The AdBlue solution is comprised of 32.5 percent high purity urea diluted in distilled water and carried onboard the diesel vehicle in a special independent tank. Under the direction of the onboard computer and a NOx sensor, the fluid is pumped into the exhaust stream at the rate of 2 to 4 ounces to a gallon of ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel (ULSD) consumed. There, in the hot exhaust stack, the urea solution is converted into ammonia (NH3) which reacts with NOx in the exhaust. The resulting chemical breakdown  and re-bonding of the constituent elements of each reactant produce plain nitrogen and water vapor instead of harmful oxides of nitrogen.   Standardized as Aqueous Urea Solution (AU) 32, the AdBlue solution is trademarked to German company the German Association of the Automotive Industry (VDA), but there  is a variety of other DEFs available on the American market including BlueTec by German automotive corporation Daimler AG and the Canadian version H2Blu. How and Where Is AdBlue Replenished? Refilling the AdBlue tank is  not a do-it-yourself task. Although it is possible to purchase the solution at the retail level, it is generally available only through a dealership or service shop. The systems are designed with a capacity of several gallons (seven to ten) which translates into several thousands of miles. Under normal vehicle operating conditions, the DEF tank needs to be refilled only during regularly scheduled maintenance. However, as of 2013, trucks and diesel engine cars have been created to allow users to refill their own DEF tanks. As a result, a number of truck stops and gas stations have begun offering a DEF pump next to the diesel fuel pump. You may even purchase small quantities- or order large containers for commercial use- to keep at home. Although safe to handle and non-toxic, AdBlue can eat through some metals. It is recommended that DEFs be stored at cool temperatures away from direct sunlight and moisture in a well-ventilated area. According to a Cummins Filtration report on the standard, AdBlue freezes at 12 degrees Fahrenheit, but the process of freezing and thawing does not degrade the product as the water in the urea  solution will freeze and thaw as the fluid does.

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Writing with Rhythm

Writing with Rhythm Writing with Rhythm Writing with Rhythm By Guest Author This is a guest post by Hugh Ashton. If you want to write for Daily Writing Tips check the guidelines here. When I was substantially younger than I am now, I wrote masses of anguished adolescent poetry. My favorite verse form was the sonnet, a style and format that is maybe little surprising for a teenager to be writing. For those who slept through this part of their English course, a sonnet is a formal 14-line poem with a complex rhyme scheme in iambic pentameter. I no longer indulge in such musings, but I learned many tricks and techniques from writing my sonnets and other poems. First and foremost, writing poetry, especially formal poetry, tells you a good deal about the internal rhythms of the English language. Most of the spoken English language moves to a fundamental iambic rhythm: di-DUM di-DUM di-DUM. Put five of these together and you have a line of blank verse: Now is the winter of our discontent Or Is this the face that launched a thousand ships? Or The stars move still, time runs, the clock will strike, The devil will come, and Faustus must be damnd. In the second line of the last quotation, note how Marlowe breaks the rhythm slightly for emphasis (if you dont slur the word devil into one syllable, that is), and then reverts to the set rhythm for the second half of the line. You dont have to write in this formal style, of course, but you should make yourself aware of the internal stresses in English prose, and how they carry readers through your writing. Until relatively recently (a few hundred years ago), all reading was done out loud everyone read by vocalising the written words. When these rules of internal rhythm are broken, as in this quotation from a camera manual, the result is clotted prose prose which does not flow: Depth of field is the area of acceptable sharpness in front of and behind the subject in focus. The larger the F-number used (from F2.8 to F22), the deeper the depth of field. On the contrary, the smaller the F-number (from F22 to F2.8), the shallower this zone of acceptable sharpness. Its not bad English its free of jargon but its not good either. Another reason why these sentences do not flow is the lack of macro rhythm,the pauses for comprehension (and breath!) in the middle of a sentence. For another example, take this sentence from a recent Pentagon report: There is a crisis of confidence among Afghans in both their government and the international community that both undermines our credibility and emboldens the insurgents. If you read this out loud, its all got to be done in one breath. Theres no pattern to the sentence. By the time youve got to the end, you forget what the beginning was like. Heres a suggested rewriting: The Afghan people are experiencing a crisis of confidence in both their own government and the international community, and this is undermining our credibility, as well as emboldening the insurgents. Not perfect Id probably split this sentence into two but the sentence now has a beginning, a middle, and an end. Note how there is also an implied contrast between the Afghan people and the insurgents in my version that is somewhat lacking in the Pentagon original. Returning to my youthful bad poetry (and here is an example of super-macro rhythm in a piece of writing the thematic tie-up between the start of a piece and the end), the other major thing I learned from writing formal verse was to use a mental thesaurus, and not to be afraid to change the order of my words. I say a mental thesaurus, because a paper thesaurus can be too restrictive; wandering around the canyons of your mind can produce some interesting twists and turns that would never be explored using a printed page. Its all too easy to write bad ungrammatical verse: As on my bed I toss and turn Remembering things I tried to learn But relatively easy to recast these lines into something more grammatical and natural: Im lying wide-eyed in my bed While half-learned facts race round my head By forcing the grammar to be natural, I have also forced myself to think of different words and thereby avoid clichà ©s and hackneyed phrases. It works for prose too. Try to read your work out loud before you submit it. Does it work as a live reading? Does the language flow? Do the sentences hang together? Does the piece have thematic coherency? In other words, have you got rhythm? Hugh Ashton is a writer and journalist who has lived in Japan for the past 21 years. As a copywriter and rewriter of translated material, he has become increasingly pernickety and critical of his own writing and that of others. His latest published work is an alternate history novel, Beneath Gray Skies, which is available from Amazon, etc. Details of the book may be found at beneathgrayskies.com. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Writing Basics category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:50 Synonyms for â€Å"Leader†8 Types of Parenthetical PhrasesCapitalizing Titles of People and Groups